Merdeka Day, National Day and Malaysia Day – what are the differences with all these days? Everything’s explained and simplified here.
When I grew up, August 31st was one of the primary celebrations in the country. We were taught in schools that August 31st is Hari Merdeka or the Independence Day of Malaysia.
Later, we all discovered that it’s not really that accurate.
What’s the difference between all of these dates?
Refer to the table below.
|Relevant to Malaya?||Relevant to Sabah?||Relevant to Sarawak?||Notes|
|22 July, 1963||Sarawak’s self-government day|
|31 August, 1957||Malaya’s Indepen-dence Day, usually known as Hari Merdeka|
|31 August, 1963||Sabah’s self-government day|
|16 September, 1963||Formation of Malaysia – Hari Malaysia or Hari Kebangsaan|
Formation of Malaysia
Malaysia Day is held on 16 September every year to commemorate the establishment of the Malaysian federation on the same date in 1963.
It marked the joining together of Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore to form Malaysia.
News on Malaysia formation by The Straits Times Singapore – the birth of a new country in 1963.
Proclamation of Malaysia in Kuching, Sarawak by on September 16, 1963.
Meanwhile, in Jesselton, the proclamation was held at the town Padang by Tun Fuad Stephens. Tun Mustapha and Deputy Minister of Malaya Tun Abdul Razak was also present.
Since 2010, Malaysia Day has been a public holiday. Prime Minister Najib Razak made the decision after a question-and-answer session at Parliament on 19 October 2009, giving Malaysians two celebrations related to the country’s independence.
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